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Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Science

Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Science

The P.P.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology is the oldest and the largest Russian research center in the field of oceanology. The main objectives of the Institute lie in a complex study of the World Ocean and the Russian seas based on the idea of entirety of physical, chemical, biological and geological processes observed in them, laying scientific foundations for forecasting variability of the Earth's climate, rational use of marine resources and safeguarding of ecological security in the interests of sustainable development of mankind. For the period of the Institute's life its scientists made a significant contribution to the Russian and the world's science of the ocean.

In 2004, the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IO RAS) conducted research according to the plan approved by Academician Laverov N.P., Vice-President of RAS. The plan incorporated 2 projects of the Presidential "Integration" Programme; 18 projects specially funded by the Presidium of RAS; 9 projects (63 themes) of "The World Ocean" Federal Scientific Research Programme; 124 themes under the fundamental research programme of the Department of Earth Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Besides, IO RAS scientists carried out research within the framework of 18 international projects and grants of different foreign scientific and governmental institutions received 70 grants of the Russian Foundation of Basic Research and worked on 11 themes under the agreements with the Russian customers.

In 2004 the Institute's scientists published 14 monographs and collections of papers (1 in English). Of 491 scientific papers published in various journals 367 papers are in Russian. The leading scientists of IO RAS delivered 373 lectures at various international and Russian national conferences; 57 technical projects were developed and realized, 1 patent was taken out.

In 1949, the Institute obtained its first research vessel "VITYAZ" of 5.7 thousand tons displacement which was re-equipped specifically for ocean studies. A series of scientific discoveries which brought fame to the Russian science is associated with the "VITYAZ". Nowadays the "VITYAZ" is functioning as the World Ocean Museum at the port of Kaliningrad. The Institute's research fleet based at the ports of Kaliningrad and Gelendjik incorporates three large-capacity (of more than 6 thousand tons displacement) research vessels: "Akademik Mstislav Keldysh", "Akademik Sergei Vavilov" and "Akademik Ioffe"; two medium-capacity (more than 1 thousand tons) vessels: "Professor Shtockman" and "Rift" and three small-capacity (less than 1 thousand tons) vessels: "Shelf", "Aquanaut" and "Aquanaut-2". All the vessels are fitted up with modern navigational systems, research instruments and equipment for complex studies of the ocean.