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Murmansk Marine Biological Institute

Murmansk Marine Biological Institute

Murmansk Marine Biological Institute (MMBI) is the oldest institution of the Kola Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Since 1935, the Institute has been conducting complex investigations of Nordic seas from Iceland to the Laptev Sea, with the aim of exploiting their natural resources. MMBI research activities are mostly directed towards solution of actual problems of climate, marine periglacial, quaternary and current ecology, aquaculture, bioresources and environmental safety. The ecosystem monitoring of the Northern Sea Route, atomic fleet bases, and other water areas exposed to anthropogenic impacts, is the foreground task. MMBI develops marine biotechnologies and prediction models for oceanologic processes, and environmental and engineering strategies to be applied to Arctic and southern seas.

Nowadays the Institute works at fundamental problems of biological diversity and biological productivity of continental shelf communities; it is also a coordinating center in the field of biologic and oceanologic and ecosystem investigations, environmental protection, and polar aquaculture in European seas of Russia. MMBI conducts annually not less than 30 complex sea and coastal expeditions on its research vessels Pomor, A. Panov, and Dal'niye Zelentsy. Expeditions are also carried out on vessels of other organizations, including ice-breakers, helicopters and motor transport. Destinations of the expeditions are different areas of the Barents, White, Greenland, Kara, Norwegian, Pechora, North and Laptev Seas, as well as the Northern Sea Route. The geography of investigations is expanded from year to year. The results are the important input to the assessment and analysis of the status of environment and biota at different parts of the World Ocean and development of unique oceanographic and biologic databases.

Now 103 scientists work at the Institute including one academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, one corresponding member of RAS, 18 doctors of sciences, 43 candidates of sciences. They are highly qualified specialists possessing wide expertise to conduct researches under the arctic conditions.