The Department of Climatology, Nicolaus Copernicus University was founded in April 1947. A natural study area at the Department of Climatology is northern Poland, especially its middle part - mainly the regional climate conditions are studied. Research on climate changes in Europe, and especially in Poland, during the period of instrumental observations was begun in the early 1980s. From 1993 the Department of Climatology is taking part in the national program named Integrated Monitoring of the Natural Environment.
Polar studies are very intensive at the Department of Climatology. Staff members participated in polar expeditions in Iceland, on Spitsbergen, and on the Antarctic. The main research activities are as follows: Arctic climate change, variability of bioclimatic conditions in the Norwegian Arctic, reconstruction of the climate of the Arctic, Antarctic climate change.